Asian and Black Married Couples in New York

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Following our research in the article, Asian and Black Married Couples in California, we very much wanted to follow up the west coast, California analysis with a comparable east coast, Asian and Black Married Couples in New York analysis. While California has more Asian and Black couples than any other US state, New York city has more Asian and Black couples than any other city in the US. Also across all of the ABC websites, there are more ABC readers in New York city than any other city in the world, so we are pleased to be able to present our analysis of Asian and Black married couples in New York in this article.  New York city is  one of the world’s most ethnically diverse and cosmopolitan cities which allows for plenty of interaction between Asians and Blacks.

Indeed our very first observation when it comes to Asian and Black married couples in New York state, is that nearly all of the Asian and Black married couples in the state of New York, live in the New York city metropolitan area. 87% of New York’s estimated 6,800 married BMAWs and 93% of New York’s estimated 4,300 married AMBWs live in the NYC metro area. So the analysis of New York state is very much an analysis of New York city.

Our cover photo for this article is Sean John Combs, AKA Puff Daddy, AKA Diddy, AKA P. Diddy, who is an African American rapper, record producer, actor, and entrepreneur. Since 2007, he has been on and off dating (mostly on) Cassie, Filipino and African American/Mexican/West Indian, who is a well known American recording artist, dancer, actress and model. Diddy says he will not marry, but he is open to signing a love contract.

Data Sources

Before we get too far into the numbers in this article, let’s talk about our data sources. All of the data for this article comes from the US Census Bureau and most of the data comes from the 2010-2014 US Census American Community Survey (ACS) 5 Year Public Use Microdata Sample (PUMS) for New York state. The US Census Bureau, is the federal government agency charged with conducting the national census every ten years, however they also conduct smaller surveys such as the American Community Survey on a more frequent basis. The PUMS data is a 5% random sample file that is available on a state by state basis. The PUMS data files are massive and unlike other census files, the PUMS data files are only distributed as “raw data” files, so typically you need lots of computing power, statistical programs and knowledge, and good understanding of census tables to make sense of the PUMS data files. To put things in perspective, most of the state PUMS files exceed the capabilities of Excel, so even though the PUMS files are freely available publicly, only the serious data jockeys like the folks at ABC will be able to make sense of these files. This also means that analyzing the PUMS data state by state is for both good and bad, the best way to process these files. The PUMS and ACS census data represent as accurate a picture of the U.S. population as possible and very few datasets can match the PUMS in terms of sample size, comprehensiveness, national coverage, and overall reliability, so as long as you have the means to process the data, the data doesn’t get any better than the ACS 5 Year PUMS census data.

A couple of other data notes are that for all of our analysis of Asians in this article, while Pacific Islanders are not as numerous in New York as they are in California, we include Pacific Islanders as part of our broader definition of Asian-Pacific Islander. So in census data terms, we include both Asian and Native Hawaiian Pacific Islander (NHPI) when we refer to Asians. We understand that many people do not consider Pacific Islanders to be Asian, but for our purposes, Pacific Islanders and Black relationships are generally seen as Blasian couple relationships, so we include them.

On the flip side, New York has far more Asian Caribbean people than California and we include Asian Caribbeans as full or mixed Asians in our analysis depending on how they identify themselves in the census data. Some Asian Caribbean people identified themselves as Asian, some identified themselves as mixed, and some of the mixed Asian Caribbean people identified themselves as Black or African descended. Asian Caribbeans include the Indo-Caribbeans, Blindians, or Douglas as they sometimes identify themselves, as well as the Chinese Caribbeans, Sino-Caribbeans, or Overseas Chinese as they sometimes identify themselves. We recognize that some of the East Indian and Chinese families who settled in the Caribbean have married and mixed with Afro Caribbeans for many generations, but at the end of the day, we accept whatever self-identity they have chosen for themselves regardless of whether others may disagree with their ethnic classification.

Finally, since we are looking at married individuals, we only include census data for people age 20 or above in all of our statistics.

New York BMAW Marriages

Let’s start with a look at New York’s BMAW marriages, then we will cover AMBW marriages with the same stats.

BMAW Ethnicities

The general label of Black men, Asian women paints a broad brush picture, so the first question we ask is which Black men and which Asian women by ethnicity are most involved in BMAW marriages in New York.

Black Men by Ethnicity in New York BMAWs (with most frequently listed by group)

  • 36.0% Afro Caribbean (Guyanese, Trinidadian, Haitian, Jamaican)
  • 30.7% African American
  • 16.2% Blasians (Chinese Blasian, East Indian Blasian)
  • 7.1% Black/White Biracial (Afro European, Black/American White)
  • 5.6% African (Kenyan, Egyptian, Cameroonian, Ethiopian, Ghanaian)
  • 4.4% Afro Hispanic (Afro Puerto Rican, Afro Cuban, Afro Ecuadorian)

To be clear, these are the self identified ethnicities by the Black men in the census data. Afro Caribbean men are most involved Asian and Black married relationships in New York, although some of this is likely due to the fact that 46% of the New York Asian women involved in BMAW marriages are Asian Caribbean. This is very different from California and the west coast where Asian Caribbeans and Afro Caribbeans are not as numerous.

When examined in more detail, we find that Afro Caribbean men marry Asian women from Asia and Asian women from the Caribbean in about equal numbers with 40% of Afro Caribbean men married to Asian women from Asia and 39% of Afro Caribbean men being married to Asian women from the Caribbean. With New York African American men though, they are much more likely to marry Asian women from Asia. About 73% of New York African American men in BMAW marriages are married to Asian women from Asia, 14% are married to Asian women born in the US, and only 13% are married to Asian women from the Caribbean.

Asian Women by Ethnicity in New York BMAWs

  • 41% East Indian
  • 26% Chinese
  • 13% Filipina
  • 6.2% Japanese
  • 3.3% Korean
  • 3.0% Unspecified Asian
  • 1.5% Pacific Islanders (Other Pacific Islanders, Native Hawaiians)
  • 1.2% Thai
  • 0.9% Indonesian
  • 0.9% Pakistani
  • 0.9% Taiwanese
  • 0.6% Cambodian
  • 0.6% Vietnamese
  • 0.3% Hong Konger
  • 0.3% Kazakh
  • 0.3% Lao
  • 0.3% Mongolian

About 80% of the Asian women in BMAW marriages in New York come from just three ethnicities, East Indian, Chinese, and Filipino. Compared to the US averages for Asian women in BMAWs from our prior article on US Asian and Black marriages, New York has proportionately more East Indians, and Chinese in BMAW marriages in part due to the large Caribbean population in New York. There are also proportionately fewer Filipinas, Koreans, Japanese, and Pacific Islanders in BMAW marriages in New York compared to the national averages.

BMAW Education

  • Black men in BMAW marriages with Bachelor degrees = 32%
  • Asian women in BMAW marriages with Bachelor degrees = 40%
  • Black men in BMAW marriages with Graduate degrees = 16%
  • Asian women in BMAW marriages with Graduate degrees = 18%
  • Black men in BMAW marriages with PhD degrees = 3%
  • Asian women in BMAW marriages with PhD degrees = 2%

Asian women are known for being highly educated, but in New York (similar to California), the Black men they marry appear to hold their own in terms of education. Across all of New York, only 17% of Black men have bachelor degrees, 6% of Black men have graduate degrees, and 1% of Black men have PhDs. However, Black men in BMAW marriages hold degrees at generally twice or better the rate of Black men in New York’s general population. Asian women in BMAW marriages have very similar education levels to Asian women in general in New York where 43% hold bachelor degrees, 16% hold graduate degrees, and 2% hold PhD degrees.

BMAW Age and Income

  • Black Men Age 20s = $46.0K
  • Black Men Age 30s = $85.7K
  • Black Men Age 40s = $61.0K
  • Black Men Age 50s = $57.7K
  • Black Men Age 60s = $44.1K
  • Black Men Age 70s = $27.6K
  • Black Men Age 80+ = $55.3K
  • Average = Age 51.2 and $59.0K
  • Asian Women Age 20s = $26.9K
  • Asian Women Age 30s = $44.3K
  • Asian Women Age 40s = $39.2K
  • Asian Women Age 50s = $28.7K
  • Asian Women Age 60s = $24.9K
  • Asian Women Age 70s = $32.7K
  • Asian Women Age 80+ = $7.2K
  • Average = Age 47.8 and $34.7K

In New York BMAW married couples, the Asian women are by and large marrying up financially with the Black men they marry. At nearly every age zone, on average the Black husbands make more than their Asian wives, sometimes by very sizable margins. Across all of New York, the average Black man makes $28.7K, but Black men in BMAW marriages on average make over double the general New York Black man. The average Asian woman in BMAW marriages in New York makes about $35K, which is slightly more than the average New York Asian woman who makes about $31K. Very similar to California, Asian women in BMAW marriages in New York are clearly generally marrying higher income Black men.

BMAW Marriage Age Differences

  • Black Men Age 20s average 4.1 years younger than their Asian wife
  • Black Men Age 30s average 0.7 years older than their Asian wife
  • Black men Age 40s average 2.4 years older than their Asian wife
  • Black men Age 50s average 4.4 years older than their Asian wife
  • Black men Age 60s average 4.4 years older than their Asian wife
  • Black men Age 70s average 10.6 years older than their Asian wife
  • Black men Age 80+ average 5.3 years older than their Asian wife
  • Asian women Age 20s average 6.6 years younger than their Black husband
  • Asian women Age 30s average 3.9 years younger than their Black husband
  • Asian women Age 40s average 4.4 years younger than their Black husband
  • Asian women Age 50s average 2.4 years younger than their Black husband
  • Asian women Age 60s average 3.4 years younger than their Black husband
  • Asian women Age 70s average 1.0 year older than their Black husband
  • Asian women Age 80+ average 3.3 years older than their Black husband

As we saw in the age and income section, the average New York BMAW Black husband is 51.2 years old and is on average 3.4 years older than his Asian wife who is on average 47.8 years. Younger BMAW Black husbands in their 20s tend to marry older Asian wives, but older BMAW Black husbands tend to have younger Asian wives. For BMAW Asian wives though from their 20s through their 60s, they range from about 2.5 years younger to 6.6 years younger than their Black husbands. Only over the age of 70, BMAW Asian wives average 1 to 3.3 years older than their Black husband.

BMAW Military Experience and Foreign Nativity

  • 14% of BMAW Black Men have served in the US military
  • 2% of BMAW Asian Women have served in the US military
  • 64% of BMAW Black Men were born outside the US
  • 84% of BMAW Asian Women were born outside the US

While in California, military experience for Black men was a clearly an important factor in BMAW relationships, the same does not seem to hold in New York. Across all of New York, only 11% of all Black men have served in the military and only 0.5 percent of all Asian women have served in the military. Black men and Asian women in married BMAW relationships have only slightly more military experience than their general peers across the state.

On the other hand, the majority of Black men and vast majority of Asian women in married BMAW relationships in New York were born outside the US – which likely also partially explains their lower levels of military experience. Across all of New York, 84% of Asian women are foreign born, so the vast majority of Asian women in BMAW relationships being foreign born is not surprising.  For New York Black men, only 34% are foreign born, but New York Asian women are marrying nearly double that percentage of foreign born Black men, with a good number of them coming from the Caribbean – Trinidad & Tobago, Guyana, Jamaica, and Haiti in particular. Having grown up in Caribbean countries where it is not so unusual to see Blacks and Asians marrying and mixing likely helps foreign born Caribbean born Black men.

Top Places in New York for BMAW Married Couples

Percent of New York BMAW Married Couples By County

  • 31.4% of New York married BMAWs Live in NYC – Queens
  • 17.2% live in NYC – Brooklyn
  • 9.2% live in NYC – Bronx
  • 8.0% live in NYC – Manhattan
  • 7.1% live in Suffolk County (Brookhaven, Long Island)
  • 4.4% live in Westchester County (Yonkers)
  • 4.1% live in Nassau County (Hempstead, Long Island)
  • 2.1% live in NYC – Staten Island
  • 2.1% live in Onondaga County (Syracuse)
  • 2.1% live in Orange County (Newburgh)

Concentration of New York BMAW Married Couples By County

  • BMAWs are 5.7 times more concentrated in Monroe County (Rochester) as New York in general
  • 5.2 times more concentrated in NYC – Queens
  • 4.9 times more concentrated in NYC – Bronx
  • 4.1 times more concentrated in Orange County (Newburgh)
  • 3.9 times more concentrated in NYC – Manhattan
  • 3.3 times more concentrated in NYC – Brooklyn

Finally we look at the matter of where you will find BMAW married couples in New York. About 87% of New York’s BMAW married couples live in the NYC greater metropolitan area. The top places to find BMAW couples outside of NYC (albeit in small numbers) are Onandaga County (Syracuse), Erie County (Buffalo), Monroe County (Rochester), and Oneida County (Utica).

The second set of counties show us where BMAW married couples are most concentrated in New York. Think of concentration as number of BMAW married couples per every 100,000 households. The higher the concentration, the more likely you are to see BMAW married couples on a regular basis in that county. Monroe County (Rochester) which has a smaller BMAW married couple population leads the state with a 0.74% BMAW concentration across their households.

New York AMBW Marriages

Let’s look at AMBW marriages in New York next. In a previous article on AMBW groups, we found that despite the prevalence of AMBW groups and blogs online, across the US there are 6.3 times as many married BMAW couples as there are married AMBW couples. New York however, which is one of the top states in the country for AMBW couples, has only 1.6 times as many married BMAW couples compared to married AMBW couples. All the same, just keeping things in perspective, while AMBW married couples are more prevalent in New York compared to other places in the country, they are still fairly rare in New York with married AMBW couples only making up 0.05% of all New York households.

AMBW Ethnicities

For AMBW married couples in New York, similar to New York BMAW married couples, Asian Caribbeans and Afro Caribbeans have quite an impact on the AMBW statistics.

Asian Men by Ethnicity in New York AMBWs (with most frequently listed by subgroup)

  • 59% East Indian
  • 23% Chinese
  • 3.7% Unspecified Asian
  • 2.8% Korean
  • 2.3% Filipino
  • 1.9% Pacific Islander (Native Hawaiian, Fijian, Samoan)
  • 1.9% Japanese
  • 1.9% Pakistani
  • 1.4% Indonesian
  • 0.9% Bangladeshi
  • 0.5% Iranian
  • 0.5% Sri Lankan
  • 0.5% Thai

Two Asian ethnicities account for over 80% of all AMBW marriages in New York – East Indian and Chinese, largely due to the fact that about 67% of the New York Asian men married in AMBW relationships are Asian Caribbeans. The New York East Indian men involved in AMBW marriages are most frequently born in Guyana, Trinidad & Tobago, and India. The Chinese men involved in AMBW marriages are most frequently born in Jamaica, Haiti, and New York.

Black Women by Ethnicity in California AMBWs (with most frequently listed by group)

  • 46.3% Afro Caribbean (Trinidadian, Guyanese, Jamaican, other Caribbean)
  • 24.3% African American
  • 19.2% Blasian (East Indian Blindian, Chinese Blasian, other Blasian)
  • 4.7% Afro Hispanic (Afro Puerto Rican, Afro Colombian, other Afro Hispanic)
  • 3.3% African (Nigerian, Algerian, Black South African, other African)
  • 2.2% Black/White Biracial (Afro European, Black/American White)

Just under half of the New York Black women involved in AMBW marriages are Afro Caribbean. Combined with African American and Blasian women, they account for about 90% of all AMBW marriages. The Asian Caribbean influence is strong in New York AMBW marriages with Asian Caribbean men being the top choice of Asian husbands for both Afro Caribbean women, where 76% of the Afro Caribbean women are married to Asian Caribbean men, as well as African American women, where 40% of the African American women are married to Asian Caribbean men.

AMBW Education

  • Asian men in AMBW marriages with Bachelor degrees = 21%
  • Black women in AMBW marriages with Bachelor degrees = 27%
  • Asian men in AMBW marriages with Graduate degrees = 8%
  • Black women in AMBW marriages with Graduate degrees = 13%
  • Asian men in AMBW marriages with PhD degrees = 2%
  • Black women in AMBW marriages with PhD degrees = 0.5%

Except for PhDs, Black women are generally more educated than their Asian partners. Similar to California Black women in AMBW marriages, New York Black women in AMBW marriages appear to be choosing Asian men who are less educated than the overall New York Asian male population. In the overall New York Black female population, 23% have bachelor degrees, 9% have graduate degrees, and only 0.5% have PhD degrees, so Black women in AMBW relationships are generally slightly more educated than the overall New York Black women population. On the other hand, New York Asian men in AMBW relationships are generally less educated than the general New York Asian male population where 45% have Bachelor degrees, 18% have graduate degrees, and 3% have PhD degrees.

AMBW Age and Income

  • Asian Men Age 20s = $39.1K
  • Asian Men Age 30s = $53.8K
  • Asian Men Age 40s = $50.5K
  • Asian Men Age 50s = $56.7K
  • Asian Men Age 60s = $56.1K
  • Asian Men Age 70+ = $28.2K
  • Average = Age 50.0 and $52.2K
  • Black Women Age 20s = $22.6K
  • Black Women Age 30s = $50.1K
  • Black Women Age 40s = $27.8K
  • Black Women Age 50s = $29.7K
  • Black Women Age 60s = $27.3K
  • Black Women Age 70+ = $37.0K
  • Average = Age 47.0 and $32.4K

Across all of New York, the average Asian man makes $47.7K and the average Black woman makes $27.6K, so both Asian men and Black women in AMBW marriages make more than their New York peer groups. Similar to California, despite Black women in New York AMBW marriages generally having more education than their Asian partners, the Asian husbands generally earn considerably more than their Black wives at every age up to age 70. Overall on average, the Asian husbands earn nearly $20K or 61% more than their Black wives. This is comparable to California AMBW marriages where Asian husbands earn nearly $21K or 54% more than their Black wives on average, despite having less education than their Black wives in both states.

AMBW Marriage Age Differences

  • Asian men Age 20s average 2.0 year younger than their Black wife
  • Asian men Age 30s average 0.9 years older than their Black wife
  • Asian men Age 40s average 1.1 years older than their Black wife
  • Asian men Age 50s average 4.1 years older than their Black wife
  • Asian men Age 60s average 5.0 years older than their Black wife
  • Asian men Age 70+ average 8.5 years older than their Black wife
  • Black women Age 20s average 5.7 years younger than their Asian husband
  • Black women Age 30s average 4.1 years younger than their Asian husband
  • Black women Age 40s average 3.0 years younger than their Asian husband
  • Black women Age 50s average 1.4 years older than their Asian husband
  • Black women Age 60s average 2.9 years younger than their Asian husband
  • Black women Age 70+ average 0.2 years older than their Asian husband

As shown in the income by age section above, on average the Asian husband is about 3 years older than their Black wife, but Asian husbands over 50 range from 4.1 years to 8.5 years older than their Black wives. For Black women younger than 70, they tend to range from 1.4 years to 5.7 years younger than their Asian husband. Over the age of 70, Black women tend to be about the same age or slightly older than their Asian husbands.

AMBW Military Experience and Foreign Nativity

  • 6% of AMBW Asian Men have served in the US military
  • 2% of AMBW Black Women have served in the US military
  • 86% of AMBW Asian Men were born outside the US
  • 78% of AMBW Black Women were born outside the US

Across all of New York, only 3% of Asian men and 1% of Black women have served in the US military, so while the percentage of AMBW Asian men and Black women serving in the military is double the rate of New York’s general population in both cases, military service is not very prominent in AMBW marriages in New York.

New York is known for having a large immigrant population and 82% of all New York Asian men (age 20+) are foreign born while 37% of New York Black women (age 20+) are foreign born. So Asian men are about twice as likely to marry a foreign born Black woman than the general percentage of foreign born Black women found in New York, whereas Black women in AMBW marriages tend to marry foreign born Asian men in line with the percentage of foreign born Asian men across New York. About 74% of the foreign born Asian men in New York AMBW marriages were born in the Caribbean, and 20% were born in Asia.

Top Places in New York for AMBW Married Couples

Percent of New York AMBW Married Couples By County

  • 38% of New York AMBWs Live in NYC – Queens
  • 17% live in NYC – Brooklyn
  • 9.3% live in NYC – Bronx
  • 8.9% live in Suffolk County (Brookhaven, Long Island)
  • 5.6% live in Westchester County (Yonkers)
  • 5.1% live in NYC – Manhattan
  • 4.7% live in Nassau County (Hempstead, Long Island)
  • 1.9% live in Orange County (Newburgh)
  • 1.9% live in Monroe County (Rochester)
  • 1.4% live in NYC – Staten Island

Concentration of New York AMBW Married Couples By County

  • AMBWs are 18 times more concentrated in Monroe Country (Rochester) as New York in general
  • 15 times more concentrated in NYC – Queens
  • 12 times more concentrated in NYC – Bronx
  • 9.0 times more concentrated in Orange County (Newburgh)
  • 8.1 times more concentrated in Westchester County (Yonkers)
  • 7.7 times more concentrated in NYC – Brooklyn

The ten counties listed above account for about 94% of the AMBW married couples in New York, with NYC – Queens accounting for nearly 40% of all New York AMBW married couples. Given the highly concentrated places to find New York AMBWs, the most concentrated list is pretty much the same set of places with statistically, Rochester, New York being the most concentrated place to find married AMBW couples, albeit with small numbers in Rochester.

Summary

We were struck by several facts from the data about New York Asian and Black married couples:

  • Asian Caribbeans and Afro Caribbeans, who have been mixing and marrying Asian and African descended people for many generations in the Caribbean, are both highly represented in the New York Blasian couple scene.
  • The majority of Asians (84% of Asian women and 86% of Asian men) and Blacks (64% of Black men and 78% of Black women) involved in New York married Blasian couples are foreign born.
  • New York African American men largely marry Asian women from Asia (73%) while New York Afro Caribbean men marry both Asian women from Asia (40%) and Asian women from the Caribbean (39%) at about the same rate.
  • With New York Black women in AMBW marriages, Asian Caribbean men are the most popular Asian husband for both Afro Caribbean women (76%) and African American women (40%).
  • East Indian, Chinese, and Filipino women are most involved in New York BMAW marriages, while East Indian and Chinese men are most involved in New York AMBW marriages.
  • Unlike California, military service is not as big a factor for Asian and Black relationships in part given the high percentages of foreign born Asians and Blacks in New York’s married Blasian couples, as well as the generally lower levels of military experience in New York versus California.
  • Similar to California, New York Black men tend to marry Asian women with education similar to the Asian female general population and income slightly above the New York Asian female general population. Also similar to California, New York Black women tend to marry Asian men with less education than the New York Asian male general population, but these Asian men tend to make more money than the general Asian male population and more money than their generally more educated Black wives.
  • The top places to find married Blasian couples (both BMAWs and AMBWs) in New York are NYC – Queens, NYC – Brooklyn, and NYC – Bronx. The greater metro NYC area accounts for about 87% of married BMAW couples and 93% of married AMBW couples. Rochester, New York has the highest concentration of BMAWs and AMBWs even though there are fewer numbers of Blasian couples there.

With a very diverse and majority minority population of about 55%, NYC has more Asian and Black couples, as well as more Blasian individuals than any other city in the world. We are also proud to have more readers of ABC in NYC, than any other city in the world. This analysis of east coast Blasian couples has some similarities as well as some big differences from our west coast analysis of California, the US state with the most Blasian couples and individuals. One big commonality we see in both New York and California is that in BMAW couples, Asian women are clearly marrying Black men with much higher educational achievement and much higher income than the general Black male population. This fits with our observation that Asian women tend to be very serious about their dating and marriage plans, so when they date and marry Black men, they tend to pick Black guys who are equally serious about life in general and these Black men tend to be better educated and more highly paid. Obviously there are exceptions, but these are the general trends we see with BMAW couples.

With AMBW couples, we see a common pattern in both New York and California of generally more highly educated Black women selecting Asian men who are less educated than the general Asian male population, but who are also more highly paid than the general Asian male population. These Asian husbands are also more highly paid than their generally more educated Black wives. While we don’t know for certain what drives this, we suspect that race and gender bias negatively impact Black female incomes despite their generally higher educational achievement. We also suspect that Black women in AMBW relationships tend to find enterprising and driven Asian men who can produce great incomes despite their lower educational achievement. Again, this is speculation, but we welcome feedback in the comments from those who might have more insight into what the data is telling us about AMBW married relationships.

In terms of differences, obviously Asian Caribbeans and Afro Caribbeans play a much larger role in the New York Blasian couple numbers, whereas Filipinos, Japanese, and Pacific Islanders tend to play a much larger role in California Blasian couple numbers. Another big difference is that both African Americans and Asian Americans are more prominent in California Blasian couples, whereas foreign born Blacks and Asians are much more prominent in New York Blasian couples.

Check out our analysis of Married Asian and Black Couples in California here in this link.

To our knowledge, ABC is proud to be the first group to ever publicly analyze Asian and Black marriages in the level of detail presented here in this article. This project has been on our to do list for a while now and we are happy to add to the knowledge base of Asian and Black couples. We hope you find this information helpful and as always, we welcome your thoughts and questions below in the comments.

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